Lisa Schwartz is a psychologist who developed the Comprehensive resource model (CRM) She aimed to find a way of working with trauma that meant the client was heavily resourced which would be highly effective rather than re-traumatising. The client could stay connected to their body while accessing what was blocked. Through high levels of resourcing the client is able to work through their trauma while remaining fully present. Resourcing is done through careful attunement between therapist and client, breathing skills and safe place exercises. Once these are in place, a grid is built where the client can feel solid, centred and grounded. The client is able to process their trauma and feel a release. The intention is for clients to have a new sense of empowerment, and an ability to self regulate. I work with both these approaches and integrate them into my work to attempt to give the best outcomes. A traumatic event is when a person has experienced or witnessed an event or events that involve threat to life, or serious injury to self or others. It involves responses of fear, helplessness or horror (DSM-IV). The common feeling of trauma is of ‘intense fear, helplessness, loss of control and fear of annihilation’ (Herman) ‘Traumatic symptoms are not caused by the event itself. They arise when residue energy from the experience is not discharged from the body. This energy remains trapped in the nervous system where it can wreak havoc on our bodies and minds’ (Peter Levine) Emotional symptoms of traumatic stress are anxiety, panic attacks, rage outbursts, mania, hypervigilance, racing thoughts, worry, depression, dissociation, apathy, disconnection from others. Physical symptoms may be increased heart rate, difficulty breathing, cold sweats, tingling, muscular tension,chronic pain, inability to sleep or relax, low energy, exhaustion, numbness, poor immune system.